Assessing written work

A piece of writing can be assess with the help of criteria. In order to use the criteria one needs to have sufficient practice and experience to avoid a biased marking.

Exploratory task 2.11

Apply the following scoring criteria for assessing pieces of writing.

1-Poor 2-Weak 3-Average 4-Good 5- Excellent
Learner’s name ___________ Teacher__________
Adequate headline Clarity of the message Development of ideas Logic of the text Organization of paragraphs Sufficiency of information Use of topical vocabulary Rounding off Lexical choice Grammar Punctuation Spelling Neat look of the paper 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5
Total score_____

SAQ 2.1

Re-order correctly learner's and teacher's responsibilities in the three Assessing written work-phase framework of teaching to write.

Stage: Learner's responsibility: Teacher's responsibility:
1. Pre-writing A. Sharing texts. I. Encouraging,
2. Drafting B. Developing ideas II. Focus
3. Revising C. Clarifying the text. III. Evaluate
4. Presenting D. Exploring ideas. IV. Suggesting.

Micro-teaching task

Study the following and choose a “propaganda device” to teach to write an advertisement. Use the three-phase-framework. Run the activity and reflect on how it went on. Propaganda devices in advertising (advertisement) employ the influence of language on people's minds:

· glittering generality (E.g. “American breakfast”)

· testimonial (by a popular personality)

· transfer (transferring Assessing written work the prestige of a film-star to a product)

· name-calling (pinning a good name on something the advertisers want people to like)

· card stacking (favoring only one side of an issue)

· bandwagon (everybody's using the product and you should too)

· snob appeal (to those who want to be part of an exclusive group)

· rewards (rewards for buying products) (From Tompkins E. Language Art: Content and Teaching Strategies. Prentice Hall. 1998)

Phase Procedure
Teacher Learners
  • Pre-writing
  • While-writing
  • Post-writing

Integrated task

· Describe your teaching situation

· Clarify your goal in teaching students to write.

· Give the theoretical rationale relevant to your teaching Assessing written work situation and goal.

· Produce an activity in the three-phase framework.

· Run the activity

· Reflect on the results giving examples from your own observations

· Draw conclusions on what can be improved

Answer keys


1T 2T 3D 4D 5F 6T 7T

SAQ 2.1


Exploratory task 1.2

1a 2b 3d 4c

Exploratory task 1.5


Exploratory task 2.2

sale, use, months, software, only, negotiable, call


Audience designis writing with the reader/s in mind

Balanced essaycontains an equal share of arguments both “for” and “against”

Brainstormingis a procedure of eliciting creative ideas in the course of spontaneous exchange of opinions, their uncritical registration and subsequent selection of the most useful Assessing written work suggestions

Cause-and-effect writingis a type of reasoning to explore the relationship between actions and their consequences

Cohesive devicesare lexical and grammatical means of making the text stick together

Descriptionis putting on paper details of an object or process

Essayis a genre of writing that focuses on a thesis and develops it

Expositionis putting on paper the description of situational circumstances

Expressive writingis putting on paper one’s own thoughts and feelings (as in a diary)

Informative writingis putting on paper ideas and data intended to create knowledge in the reader

Narrationis putting on paper a succession of events

Paragraphis a meaningful chunk of the text Assessing written work expressing a single idea or aspect of the subject that is chosen for writing

Persuasive writingis putting on paper one’s wishes, commands and/or instructions in order to manipulate the behavior of the reader

Poetic writingis putting on paper a communicative message with the help of rhymes, symbolic allusions and imaginative details thus producing a poetic image

Reasoning errorsare deviations from logic in writing

Reasoningis following a logical line in order to reach a conclusion

Role writingis a teaching technique to create a written and to follow the conventions of the social role (e.g. writing a letter to parents)

Shape poetryis poetic Assessing written work writing within a shape that symbolizes the subject of writing (e.g. a poem about colored balloons can be written in the pictures of several colored balloons)

Text formatis a lay-out of a written text with specific characteristic features (e.g. the format of a business letter)

Writingis a communicative skill to send, store and retrieve information with the help of written symbols

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